A critical price was paid at the Battle of Shiloh by the Ninth Illinois, a regiment made up of mostly German immigrants who had not even been born in the United States but gave their lives willingly and bravely in the face of grim odds to defend the land they called home. In the end, the Ninth had one of the war’s highest single-day casualty rates of any regiment of troops, North or South. Without one of the greatest shows of military strength, commitment, and discipline which the Ninth exhibited on that bloody Sunday, the Union would have suffered a great loss in the Civil War’s western theater that fateful day.
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Gay, William, "A Short History of the 9th Illinois Volunteer Infantry" (2017). A with Honors Projects. 210.