Isothiocyanates (ITCs) are bioactive products found in several plants belonging to the Brassicaceae family, and are produced as defense upon disruption of the tissue by herbivores or pathogens, but in humans they have shown anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory properties.
Although we know gut microbes can hydrolyze GSL into ITC, the mechanism is not known. With improved detection methods, the aim of this experiment is to explore whether the gut microbial myrosinase β-glucosidase found within the genome of E. coli Nissle 1917 can hydrolyze glucosinolates (GSLs) into detectable ITCs.
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Isaiz, Juan; Liu, Xiaoji; and Miller, Michael J., "Production of Bioactive Isothiocyanates by Bacterial Myrosinase" (2018). Phenotypic Plasticity Research Experience for Community College Students. 20.